peuterey donna 2014 STORIA DEI MOVIMENTI SOCIALI E POLITICI SP FM0348
The course analyzes the recent political dynamics of Argentina and Brazil (1989 / 90 2015) based on a study of the transformations and adaptations of their main party organizations, taking into account both changes at the political level and their linkage with other changes in the economic system. The interest of the course is focused on three aspects: a) transformations in the relations of representation and, especially, how these transformations were linked with the political parties of Argentina and Brazil; b) changes in development models, and especially in the relationships that can be established between these structural changes and the dynamics of the party system and the organization of the main political parties in both countries; c) the emergence of new political and social actors that altered the dynamics of the political system and favored its structuring in a new key.
The periodization was based on political and economic criteria. The course begins with the end of the mandate of the first civil government after the democratic transitions in Argentina and Brazil (1989/90). That date also indicates the beginning of the implementation of neoliberal reforms to replace the previous model of development. However, in Brazil these reforms will only be effective in the second half of the 1990s. On the other hand, the years 2015/16 indicate the closure or “end” of what a part of the reference literature defines as “governments of new left “. This concept will be recovered and subjected to criticism throughout the course, taking into account the economic policies implemented in the two countries. Between both dates, deep modifications are found in the political parties and in the system of parties that are oriented in different directions if we analyze them comparatively. In Argentina a greater fragmentation (Partido Justicialista Frente para la Victoria, Unin Cvica Radical, Propuesta Republicana, Coalicin Cvica, among others); in Brazil: a relative consolidation around a small number of large party organizations (Partido de los Trabajadores, Partido de la Social Democracia Brasilea PSDB y Partido del Movimiento Democrtico Brasielo, among the most important)
The course attempts to provide an analysis of the dynamics of the democratic political system in both countries, focusing on partisan change and transformations in the relationship of representation in conjunction with development models.
1 Transformations and crises of representation, party organizations and party system in Argentina and Brazil from 1989/90 to 2015
2 Changes in development models and links to political party dynamics in both countries. Programmatic changes and approaches to the center of the political spectrum.
2 Political dynamics in Argentina and Brazil and the emergence of new socio political actors. The category of “New Left” and its applicability to analyze the transformations of the parties and the political system.